Monday, April 29, 2019

Penyebab Rambut Putih Pada Usia Muda



Sekilas memang tampak menyedihkan, namun mau tidak mau, suatu hari nanti Anda akan mengalami momen rambut memutih atau lazim disebut beruban. Manusia rata-rata mulai beruban pada usia 30-an. Semakin putih warna kulit dan semakin terang warna rambut, maka semakin cepat mengalami pemutihan pada helai rambut dibandingkan mereka yang berkulit dan berambut lebih gelap.
Namun, kini semakin banyak bermunculan kasus usia 20-an telah mengalami pemutihan pada helai rambut. Hal yang tidak biasa ini, menurut banyak dermatologis, umum disebabkan oleh dua hal, yakni faktor genetik dan gaya hidup. Khusus untuk yang terakhir disebut, ada empat alasan utama mengapa uban muncul lebih dini di usia 20-an. Simak selengkapnya di bawah ini.
  1. Tingkat stres yang tinggi
    Sebuah penelitian yang dilakukan oleh Universitas New York pada 2013 lalu menemukan fakta bahwa stres mampu sebabkan pecahnya sel inti pada batang rambut yang mengakibatkan rusaknya folikel dan berujung pada munculnya uban.
  2. Gangguan kesehatan
    Pada kasus tertentu, meskipun jarang terjadi, uban kerap muncul akibat dari gangguan kesehatan, seperti salah satunya penyakit tiroid. Selain itu, penyakit auto imun, seperti alopesia dan vitiligo, dapat menyebabkan uban dini. “Auto imun adalah kondisi di mana sel-sel di dalam tubuh menyerang kondisi prima tubuh luar, termasuk rambut, yang kemudian berakhir pada gejala uban dini,” ujar Marie Jihn, dermatologis senior dari Pusat Penelitian Kulit Premier di San Fransisco, Amerika Serikat.
  3. Kekurangan vitamin
    Kemungkinan lain penyebab uban dini adalah kurangnya asupan vitamin B12. Biasanya hal ini berisiko terjadi pada mereka yang kerap mengalami gejala anemia, di mana intensitas perederan sel darah merah tdiak mencukupi sehingga memengaruhi daya serap batang rambut terhadap vitamin B12 sebagai salah satu makanan utamanya.
  4. Perokok aktif
    “Merokok adalah hal terburuk bagi kulit dan rambut Anda,” ujar Marie Jihn. Mengutip beberpaa penelitian ilmiah, Jihn menyebut bahwa merokok sebabkan kulit alami keriput dini yang terjadi bukan hanya di kulit wajah, namun juga kulit kepala. Ketika kulit kepala kering dan muncul ketombe berlebih, maka berpengaruh pada kesehatan batang rambut yang kian kurang mendapatkan nutrisi. Akibatnya, rambut pun mudah rapuh dan berujung pada munculnya uban. 
  5. Keturunan
    Ternyata selain beberapa hal diatas, faktor keturunan juga dapat menyebabkan rambut seseorang cepat memutih. Karena Gen adalah penentu keturunan, jadi apabila salah seorang dari kedua orang tua mempunyai rambut putih pada usia muda maka bukan tidak mungki hal tersebut akan menurun ke anaknya.
     



Saturday, April 27, 2019

What is UFO?


We all already heard so many story about UFO, wacth movie about  UFO, read the news and even some of you believe had seen and met with this UFO things. What is a UFO?  Here are some basic facts you should know, UFO is technically an "unidentified flying object," nothing more nor less.

Any object that flies and cannot initially be identified as an airplane, helicopter, blimp, balloon, kite, or any other object that normally flies, is a UFO. Many flying objects that are listed as a UFO can later be identified as an object made on Earth, then they'can be called an "IFO," or identified flying object.

Thursday, April 25, 2019

Fun Fact About Shark



  • The first sharks lived more than 400 million years ago—200 million years before the first dinosaurs. They have changed very little over the eons.
  • Sharks can be found in all of Earth’s oceans.
  • Sharks do not have a single bone in their bodies. Their skeletons are made of cartilage.
  • Sharks belong to a group of fish known as the elasmobranchs, or cartilaginous fishes. Rays and skates, which may have evolved from sharks, also belong to this group.
  • Because sharks very rarely get cancer, scientists study their cartilage in the hopes of finding a cure for the disease.
  • Sharks live in all seven of the world’s oceans, but they’re not confined solely to wide-open bodies of salt water. There are species that can survive in mixed salt- and freshwater environments like estuaries and watersheds that connect to an ocean, while other species can live in completely fresh water .
  • While blood likely does not provoke a shark to attack, a shark in the vicinity likely can detect the blood. Without any conclusive proof of how sharks might respond, some scientists suggest women stay out of the water while menstruating.
  • When a shark eats food that it can’t digest (like a turtle shell or tin can), it can vomit by thrusting its stomach out its mouth then pulling it back in.
  • A shark’s jaw is not attached to its cranium. Because its mouth is situated on the underside of its head, a shark can temporarily dislocate its jaw and jut it forward to take a bite
  • Before sandpaper was invented, people used the rough skin of sharks, called shagreen, to smooth and polish wood. Japanese warriors wrapped the skin around the handles of their swords to keep the swords from slipping out of their hands.
  • The first pup to hatch inside the sand tiger shark mother devours its brothers and sisters until there are only two pups left, one on each side of the womb. This form of cannibalism is called oophagy.
  • Weird things that have been found in shark stomachs include shoes, chairs, the rear half of a horse, a box of nails, a torpedo, drums, and bottles of wine.
  • There are at least 400 species of sharks that can be placed into eight groups, and new ones are being identified all the time. Of this large number, only about 30 species are known to attack humans—particularly the Great White, Tiger, Bull, Mako, and Hammerhead sharks. Most sharks are completely harmless.
  • For every human killed by a shark, humans kill two million sharks.
  • About two-thirds of shark attacks on humans have taken place in water less than six feet deep.
  • Most shark attacks occur less than 100 feet from the shore. Shark attacks happen all over the world, but mainly around popular beaches in North America (especially Florida and Hawaii), Australia, and South Africa.
  • More people are killed by bee stings and lightning than by shark attacks. Worldwide about 30 people die each year from shark attacks, which means a person has a one in 300 million chance of being killed by a shark. A shark attack most often occurs when a shark mistakes a person for a seal or other animal.
  • Sharks will often give warning signs before they attack, by arching their backs, raising their heads, and pointing their pectoral fins down.
  • The most bizarre feeding technique of all sharks is that of the Cookiecutter (cigar or luminous) shark. It attaches its mouth onto its victim and carves out a hunk of flesh, leaving a distinctive circular wound in its prey, like a pastry cutter. Its body has a series of holes called “photophores” that glow in the dark water. In fact, its scientific genus name is Isistius, from Isis, the Egyptian goddess of light
  • The Grey Reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) has been called the “gangster shark” because of its highly aggressive nature.
  • Angel sharks were once called monkfish or bishop fish because their fins look like flowing robes.
  • The frilled shark, or eel shark, is called a “living fossil” because it is so much like some extinct sharks that are found preserved in rocks. Parts of its skeleton resemble those of sharks that became extinct 350 million years ago.
  • Portuguese sharks live at depths of 12,000 feet, which is over two miles deep.
  • As long as a shark’s back is mostly under water, it can swim easily. A nine-foot-long bull shark can swim in just two feet of water.
  • Many species of sharks have a movable, transparent nictitating membrane that covers and protects their eyes when they are attacking and eating.
  • Unlike fish, sharks do not have a swim bladder to keep them afloat—for this, sharks instead have a large oil-filled liver. Sharks that spend a lot of time on the surface, such as whale and basking sharks, have a massive liver.
  • Shark liver oil used to be the main source of vitamin A for humans. The liver of a basking shark can weigh over 1,800 pounds and contain 600 gallons of oil.
  • Contrary to popular belief, the stomach is not the largest organ inside a shark’s body. The liver is the largest organ and can be 25% of the shark’s weight.
  • Many Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) have small parasites on their eyes that glow in dark water. Scientists think these glowing parasites attract prey into the sharks’ mouths. These sharks also have poisonous flesh that must be boiled three times before eating.
  • A female blue shark’s skin is three times thicker than a blue male’s to survive courtship bites.[
  • Hammerhead sharks’ heads are soft at birth so they won’t jam the mothers’ birth canals.
  • Recent research indicates that when a shark plies surface waters (when the dorsal fin cuts through the sea’s surface), it could be detecting pressure waves associated with a struggling animal nearby.
  • The largest fish caught with a rod and reel was a Great White shark. It weighed 2,664 pounds and was almost 17 feet long.
  • A bull shark can live in both salt and fresh water by regulating salt and other substances in its blood. A bull shark may have been responsible for a 1916 shark attack that happened in a creek in New Jersey. They have also been found in the Mississippi River.
  • The world’s most unusual shark, the megamouth (Megachasma pelagios), wasn’t discovered until 1976. Its mouth can reach up to three feet across, while the rest of the body is about 16 feet long. Only 14 megamouths have ever been seen.
  • The shark that lives the longest is the spiny or piked dogfish (Acanthias). They usually live up to 70 years of age, but some may live until they are 100. Dogfish sharks are named for their tendency to attack prey like a pack of wild dogs would.
  • Approximately 100 million sharks are killed every year. Shark teeth are used to make necklaces; cartilage is used to make fertilizers; skin is used to make leather; liver is used to make face cream, sap, and fuel; and fins are used to make soup. The mass killing of sharks creates a negative, cascading effect in the global environment.
  • All living creatures emit small electrical signals as they breathe or move. Some sharks, particularly hammerheads, can use electricity to help them catch their prey—they pick up very small electrical impulses through hundreds of tiny holes in their faces, called Ampullae of Lorenzini.
  • Sometimes sharks attack metal objects. This might be because metal gives off weak electric signals in salt water that may confuse sharks.[
  • Even though almost equal numbers of men and women spend time in the ocean, no one knows why sharks seem to prefer to attack men. In fact, nearly 90% of shark attacks have happened to men.
  • The smallest shark is the dwarf lantern shark, which is only seven inches long. The longest shark is the whale shark, which can grow to a whopping 50 feet long and weigh more than 40,000 pounds. These behemoths are usually gentle and get all their food by sifting small animals out of the water.
  • Most sharks are born alive (viviparous). There are two ways a pup can grow inside the mother. In some sharks, the embryos feed on the yolk attached to their bellies. Other species have an umbilical cord that connects to a mother’s blood supply. A mother shark can give birth to up to 48 pups in one litter. The pups are usually born tail first and might rest beside their mother for a while before swimming away to fend for themselves.
  • Whale sharks give birth to the greatest number of pups. They can produce several hundred in a litter.
  • Basking sharks are pregnant for more than two years, while other sharks, such as the bonnet head shark, are pregnant for only a few months. The longest gestation period of any mammal is the elephant, at 22 months.
  • When it comes time to give birth, the female shark loses her appetite so she won’t be tempted to eat her own pups.
  • There are some things a shark cannot eat, such as a small fish called the Moses sole and the puffer fish. When a shark bites a sole, it releases a chemical in the shark’s mouth that makes the shark release it. Scientists are trying to duplicate this chemical so it can be used to keep sharks away from people.
  • Sometimes when fishermen catch a shark, they will cut off its fins for soup and throw the shark back into the sea—still alive. The mutilated shark is unable to swim or breathe and eventually dies.
  • Sharks do not have scales. Instead their skin is covered with denticles, which give the skin its roughness. As sharks grow, the denticles fall off and are replaced by larger ones.
  • Native Americans in Florida used the teeth of Great White sharks as arrowheads.
  • Some sharks—such as the Great White, Porbeagle, and Mako—have crescent-shaped tail fins and can swim very fast. Two researchers calculated a three-foot Shortfin Mako reached an amazing speed of 68 miles per hour, though generally the shark has been more reliably clocked at 46 mph. Both the Mako and the Great White can leap up out of the water.
  • Some sharks, like the wobbegong and angel sharks, are so flat that they look like they’re part of the sea floor.
  • Discovered in Japan in 1898, the goblin shark has a long snout, beady eyes, and pink-gray flabby skin. Some scientists call it “Frankenshark” because it looks so ugly. Its bizarre beak may be a step in evolution toward something like a saw shark or hammerhead shark.
  • Some large sharks have dramatically longer lifespans than small sharks. For instance, whale sharks (which generally range from 18 to 32 feet/5.5 to 10 meters in length) can live up to 100 years, while the smooth dogfish (with an average length between 2 and 4 feet/0.6 and 1.2 meters) might only live for 16 years.
  • Hearing is probably the best of all of a shark’s senses. Some sharks can hear prey in the water from 3,000 feet away. They are better at detecting low frequency sounds, so they can’t detect the high-frequency sounds dolphins make.
  • Nurse sharks are probably the laziest sharks, spending much of the day resting on the sandy sea floor, sometimes stacked on top of each other. When they get hungry, they are like giant vacuum cleaners, sucking prey off the sea floor or from between rocks.
  • Sharks have been called “swimming noses” because their sense of smell is so good (they smell with their nostrils but don’t breath through them). Some sharks can smell one part of blood in 100 million parts of water and can tell which direction that smell is coming from.
  • Sharks don’t get cavities probably because they are constantly shedding teeth. Sharks have 40-45 teeth, with up to seven rows of replacement teeth behind them. When a front tooth breaks or falls out, it takes only about one day for a replacement tooth to move forward to the front row. Sharks can go through more than 30,000 teeth in a lifetime. Newer teeth are always larger, so sharks can look scarier as they age.
  • Sharks do not have ears on the outside of their body, but rather on the inside of their heads.
  • Because of the long gestation period and the troublesome mating process, during which the female tiger shark gets badly bitten by the male, tiger sharks have pups only once every three years
  • Sharks have rows of small holes on the sides of their bodies called lateral line organs that are sensitive to small movements in the water...which is how they know when other fish swim near them.
  • Some sharks can bite hard enough to cut through a thick piece of steel. Like lions and other predators, sharks usually kill only when they are hungry, which isn’t very often. Some sharks can live a year without eating, living off the oil they stored in their bodies.
  • An ancient shark called Carcharodon Megalodon (“rough tooth, big tooth”) had the largest shark teeth ever found, measuring more than six inches long. Its jaws were big enough to swallow an entire car, and it was the same length as the dinosaur T-Rex. Some people believe this shark may still exist in deep water.
  • Humans stand little chance of surviving a shark attack. One of the most startling incidents of a shark attack occurred in Tasmania, Australia, in 1993. Terri Cartwright died instantly when a 15-foot Great White bit her in half as her horrified family watched from a boat. She was last seen in its mouth. Part of her leg and a piece of her wet suit were later found.
  • The thrasher (fox, slasher, or swingle-tail) shark uses its long tail to fish. Its tail can be half the length of its whole body—up to 10 feet. It uses its tail like a bat or whip that either smacks or stuns its prey.
  • The largest and strongest known predatory fish in the sea, the Great White shark (also called White Death), can grow up to 30 feet long and is the only fish that lifts its head out of the water as if to investigate surface objects. Its jaw is six times stronger than a wolf’s and has about two-thirds the biting strength of a Tyrannosaurus Rex’s jaw. The Great White is responsible for 30-50% of all deadly attacks on humans.
  • Tiger shark is the second-most dangerous shark in the world,  sometimes called the “garbage can of the sea” because it will eat anything, including animal carcasses, tin cans, car tires, and other garbage. One was even found having a chicken coop with the remains of bones and feathers inside its stomach.
  • Sharks may use the Earth’s magnetic field with special organs that act as a compass to navigate the oceans.
  • Until the nineteenth century, some inhabitants of the islands in the South Pacific considered sharks to be gods and offered human sacrifices to them.[4]
  • In Borneo, to stop babies from crying, the saw from a sawfish shark is covered in cloth and hung over the cradle.
  • Although there are about 400 different types of sharks, fewer than 20% of them are larger than adult humans.
  • While the ostrich lays the largest eggs on land, the whale shark lays the largest eggs in the world. An egg from a whale shark measuring 14 inches in diameter was found in the Gulf of Mexico in 1953.

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Fun Facts About Estonia


For some reasons, this time I would like to share an interesting facts and information about Estonia. You may be wondering why I choose Estonia for this blog. I live in Asia far away from Europe and honestly I don't know much about this country, because mostly people just talk about France, Italy, Spain, Switzerland or England. Accidentaly I found a lot of interesting things about Estonia.....it's awesome!! If I had an opportunity travel to Europe, I'll say Estonia will be in top 5 of my destinations. 



Estonia officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia covers 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) and is influenced by a humid continental climate. Bellow you'll find fun facts and figure it out why I say Estonia is awesome.



Okay, let’s get started with "tere" which means Hello in Estonian ^_^

Sunday, April 21, 2019

Pengalaman Jatuh Dari Motor

Tidak seperti biasanya kali ini Unique Daily Tips  tidak akan bebagi tips tetapi akan berbagi mengenai pengalaman penulis saat jatuh dari motor. Mungkin bagi beberapa orang sakit karena jatuh dari motor adalah hal yang biasa, tetapi bagi saya ini adalah pengalaman yang menegangkan. Karena inilah pertama kalinya saya jatuh dari motor dan mudah-mudahan yang terakhir.

Kondisi tempat kerja yang lumayan jauh dan macet  kota Makassar yang tidak pernah berakhir memutuskan saya untuk naik motor ke kantor agar bisa lebih hemat waktu dan biaya tentunya. Setelah satu bulan beradaptasi  melihat-lihat situasi jalan raya akhirnya saya memberanikan diri naik motor. Selama berkendara hal yang mendapat perhatian khusus dari saya adalah lebih hati-hati  terhadap truk, bis, sesama pengendara motor, orang yang menyeberang jalan dan angkot atau pete-pete yang kadang memotong jalan tanpa permisi. Satu bulan pertama semuanya lancar. Macet  sudah jadi hal yang biasa, saya sudah terbiasa ‘nyelip’ diantara kendaraan supaya bisa cepat sampai ke rumah. Dua bulan….semuanya berjalan baik baik saja. Ternyata naik motor di kota besar itu gampang yang penting hati-hati dan selalu berdoa sebelum berangkat.

Tapi malang tak dapat ditolak untuk tak dapat diraih, mungkin sedang apes dan kurang hati-hati. Tepatnya  tanggal 2 Juni 2015 saya mengalami solo accident ^_^ jatuh dari motor di tengah derasnya hujan.
Karena terlanjur kehujanan dan malas berhenti untuk memakai mantel saya memilih agak ngebut supaya cepat sampai. Kecepatannya masih masuk akal, kurang lebih 50-60 Km/jam dan kejadiannya pun sangat cepat cuma beberapa detik, tapi semua serasa slow motion kaya di film hehehe… Mobil yang sedang melaju di depan kanan saya menginjak batu lumayan besar dan memantul tepat kearah saya. Motor pun kehilangan kendali, saya terjatuh dan terlempar jauh dari motor dalam keadaan basah kuyup. Mobil yang menginjak batu tadi pun berlalu begitu saja dengan sebuah lagu dudduduuu.. Kondisi  jalanan yang basah dan licin membuat motor hanya tergores sedikiiit. Sedangkan saya sendiri harus absen kerja sehari karena memar dilutut dan luka disiku kanan ples badan sakit semua serasa habis digebukin orang sekampung hehehe....

Kejadian atau tepatnya musibah ini saya jadikan pengalaman beharga supaya kedepannya lebih berhati-hati naik motor. Setelah kejadian itu saya libur dulu naik motor sekitar semingguan setelah itu baru naik motor lagi dengan super hati-hati. Bagaimana dengan Anda? Punya pengalaman jatuh dari motor?.

Sekian dulu cerita dari saya and thanks for reading.

Friday, April 19, 2019

10 Famous Myth Creature You Should You Know

You might already heard, read stories or wacth movies about mythical creatures – either from ancient Greek stories or more modern tales. For example, you could see a dragons in Harry Potter movies or unicorn in Percy's Jackson movie. One thing for sure this myth creature it's not exist in real life. Isn't scary if above our roof there's a big dragon flying or in the way home we met a groups of unicorns talking and say hi to us...hiiiyy, no thanks. Bellow, you'll find list of the most well known mythical creatures according to Unique Daily Tips :


1. Dragon
The dragon is a legendary creature that appears in the myths of many cultures. Dragons are generally shown as reptilian, lizard-like with two pairs of legs and long tail. They are sometimes drawn with huge yellow or red eyes. They sometimes have spines along their back. Centuries ago dragons were drawn as very small, often smaller than people, but as the stories grew, so did the dragons. Dragons often have a special importance and in some cultures are regarded with reverence and respect. They are often regarded as being very wise, and very long-lived. They are considered to be magic. Most commonly known today are the European and the Asian dragons.


2. Unicorn
The unicorn is usually shown as a horse with a long single horn on its head, but it originally had a billy-goat beard, lion’s tail and cloven hooves. The unicorn is virtually the only creature in legend which did not come from human fears and was, in fact, a rather gentle creature. It was considered impossible to capture a unicorn except by using unfair methods. The horn was said to be able to neutralise poison. The unicorn first came to be known during the Indus Valley Civilization (3300–1700 BC).


3. Mermaid

The mermaid is a mythological aquatic creature with a female human head and torso and the tail of a fish. This creature has been discussed since at least 5000 BC. It is highly possible that manatees or dugongs may have been confused for these creatures and even Christopher Columbus claimed to have seen some on his journeys. In British folklore they are considered to be a forewarning of doom or disaster.


4. Phoenix

The phoenix is a mythical firebird from Ancient Egypt which is portrayed as a bird that dies in fire and is reborn of it. It is normally portrayed as having gold and red feathers. At the end of its life, a phoenix is said to build a nest of cinnamon twigs which it then ignites. The bird is destroyed in the fire but a new young phoenix is born from the same fire. It was believed to have a life span of 500 – 1461 years (depending on who you ask). Its tears were thought to heal wounds.


5. Giant

“Giant” is the English word to describe monsters of great strength and size but human form. They appear in the Bible (in the story of King David and Goliath). In mythology they are frequently seen to be in conflict with the gods and are generally considered to be associated with chaos and wild nature. They were seen as early as the Ancient Greek culture where they were known as gigantes – creatures born from Gaia who was fertilised by the blood of Uranus when he was castrated.


6. Cyclops

A Cyclops is a member of a primordial race of giants, each with a single round eye in the middle of its forehead. Cyclopes are described by both Homer and Hesiod. According to Hesiod, the Cyclopes-Brontes, Steropes and Arges, were the sons of Uranus (Sky) and Gaia (Earth), while according to Homer the term “Cyclops” refers to a particular son of Poseidon and Thoosa named Polyphemus who was a Cyclops.


7. Medusa
In Greek mythology Medusa (guardian,protectress) was a monster , a Gorgon, generally described as having the face of a hideous human female with living venomous snakes in place of hair. Gazing directly into her eyes would turn onlookers to stone.


8. Pegasus
Pegasus is the beautiful flying horse of mythology. Pegasus was a white horse with wings, sometimes depicted as a unicorn, a single, spiraling horn that protruded from the forehead of Pegasus; on the other hand, most depictions of Pegasus did not show the horse as a unicorn. Pegasus has also been regarded as "the power of the creative spirit in all of us. He is the symbol of the Muses, of inspiration and of the beauty we bring to our life and the lives of others."


9. Banshee
The banshee is from Irish mythology and are usually seen as female spirits. They were considered to be omens of death and were believed to have come from the “otherworld”. They are generally thought to be remnants of an ancient Celtic pagan religion in which they were minor gods, spirits, or ancestors. In English they are often referred to as fairies. According to legend, banshees will wander around the outside of a house wailing when someone inside is about to die.


10. Griffin or Gryphon

The griffin is normally characterised as a lion with the head and wings of an eagle. It was thought to be a particularly strong creature as the lion is the king of beasts and the eagle is the king of birds. In ancient times it was considered the protector of the divine. The creature was seen in civilizations as early as the Minoan civilization (2700 BC to 1450 BC).


 "The relationship between myth and belief is, a myth exists because we believe."